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Even-toed Ungulates (Artiodactyla)


The order Artiodactyla encompasses even-toed ungulates (hoofed animals) such as the pigs, peccaries, hippopotamuses, camels, llamas, chevrotains, deer, musk-deer, giraffes, pronghorn, antelopes, sheep, goats, and cattle. All these animals bear weight equally on the third and fourth toes (unlike the odd-toed ungulates, bearing their weight primarily on their third toes). The order includes four extant suborders, 10 families and ca. 230 species: Suidae (19 species), Tayassuidae (4 species), Hippopotamidae (2 species), Tragulidae (6 species), Antilocapridae (1 species), Giraffidae (5 species), Cervidae (49 species), Moschidae (7 species), and Bovidae (135 species). Even-toed ungulates naturally occur in Eurasia, Africa and the Americas, but were absent from Australia, Antarctica, and many continental and volcanic islands (e.g., the Antilles, Madagascar, New Zealand, etc.). They inhabit a range of habitats from tundra to rainforest, but are most diverse in grasslands and savannas.


    Peccaries (Tayassuidae)
    Pronghorns (Antilocapridae)
    Deer (Cervidae)
    Cattle, Antelopes, Sheep, and Goats (Bovidae)
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